Rebelling against this view, Turner argued instead that Europeans had been transformed by the process of settling the American continent and that what was unique about the United States was its frontier history. Metz, “Frederick Jackson Turner and the democratization of the electronic frontier. Nash, “The frontier thesis: In these writings Turner promoted new methods in historical research, including the techniques of the newly founded social sciences, and urged his colleagues to study new topics such as immigration, urbanization, economic development, and social and cultural history. Where Turner told the triumphalist story of the frontier’s promotion of a distinctly American democracy, many of his critics have argued that precisely the opposite was the case. Boles, “Turner, the frontier, and the study of religion in America,” Journal of the Early Republic 13 2 pp. Email required Address never made public.

In the thesis, the American frontier established liberty by releasing Americans from European mindsets and eroding old, dysfunctional customs. Not the constitution but free land and an abundance of natural resources open to a fit people, made the democratic type of society in America for three centuries while it occupied its empire. Essays and Miscellany First ed. He won wide acclaim among historians and intellectuals. Some have long disputed the very idea of a frontier of “free land. There was no landed gentry who controlled most of the land and charged heavy rents and fees. They adapted to the new physical, economic and political environment in certain ways—the cumulative effect of these adaptations was Americanization.

Yen, “Western Frontier or Feudal Society: This is the frontier—the America—we have set ourselves to reclaim. They also became more violent, more individualistic, more distrustful of authority, less artistic, less scientific, and more dependent on ad-hoc organizations they formed themselves. However, the work of historians during the s—s, some of whom sought to bury Turner’s conception of the frontier, and others who sought to spare the concept but with nuance, have done much to place Western myths in context.


Instead Fermilab’s planners sought to return to Turnerian themes. Many such critics have sought to replace the idea of a moving frontier with the idea of the West as a distinctive region, much like the American South.

The frontier transformed Jeffersonian democracy into Jacksonian democracy. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Thank You for Your Contribution! It came out of the American forest, and it gained new strength each time it touched a new frontier,” said Turner. Philosophy of historythe study either of the historical process and its development or of the methods used by historians to understand their material.

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Comps Notes: Frederick Jackson Turner’s “The Significance of the Frontier in American History”

Everything in American history up to the s somehow relates the western frontier, including slavery. Turner sets up the East and the West as opposing forces; as the West strives for freedom, the East seeks to control it.

frederick jackson turners frontier thesis 1893

Indeed, his influence was felt in American classrooms until the s and 80s. Herbert Baxter Adamshistorian and educator, one of the first to use the seminar method in U.

Turner began his teaching career at the University of Wisconsin in Where Turner told the triumphalist story of thesiw frontier’s promotion of a distinctly American democracy, many of his critics have argued that precisely the opposite was the case.

Europeans had long been frojtier in the suffocating confines of the final stage, which had caused corruption and staleness both in Europe and in the eastern United States, where European traditions had continued to reign. Turner taught at the University of Wisconsin untilwhen he accepted an appointment to a distinguished chair of history at Harvard University. Prehistory Pre-Columbian Colonial — — — — — — — — — —present.

It came out of the American forest, and it gained new strength each time it touched a new frontier.


frederick jackson turners frontier thesis 1893

The frontier had no need for standing armies, established churches, aristocrats or nobles. Turner took this “closing of the frontier” as an opportunity to reflect upon the influence it had frontied. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

frederick jackson turners frontier thesis 1893

In broad terms, the further west, the more American the community. All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Sign up here to see what happened On 193 Dayevery day in your inbox! History at your fingertips.

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PBS – THE WEST – Frederick Jackson Turner

Land, labour, and independence. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. The peculiarity of American institutions is, the fact that they have been compelled to adapt themselves to the changes of an expanding people to the changes involved in crossing a continent, in jadkson a wilderness, and in developing at each area of this progress out of the primitive economic and political conditions of the frontier into the complexity of city life. Keep Exploring Britannica September 11 attacks.

Kolb and Hoddeson argue that during the heyday of Kennedy’s “New Frontier,” the physicists who built the Fermi Labs explicitly sought to recapture the excitement of the old frontier.

But in a sense, the very acrimony of these debates takes us full circle back to Turner and his legacy, for debates about the significance of Western history are hardly ever confined to the past. Slatta, “Taking Our Myths Seriously.