I slept as quietly and as soundly as in my own bed at home. Resolved, That the thanks of this Congress, in their own name, and in the name of the thirteen United Colonies, whom they represent, be presented to His Excellency General Washington, and the officers and soldiers under his command, for their wise and spirited conduct in the siege and acquisition of Boston; and that a medal of gold be struck in commemoration of this great event and presented to His Excellency; and that a committee of three be appointed to prepare a letter of thanks, and a proper device for the medal. We need your help to keep content coming, as well as to pay for advertising to spread the word. Livingston, afterwards Governor of New Jersey. The committee, for fitting out armed vessels, laid before Congress a draught of rules for the government of the American navy, and articles to be signed by the officers and men employed in that service, which were read, and ordered to lie on the table for the perusal of the members. Nothing, indeed, was less understood abroad, among the people, than the real constitution of Congress, and the characters of those who conducted the business of it. He had prepared himself apparently with great labor and ardent zeal, and in a speech of great length, and with all his eloquence, he combined together all that had before been written in pamphlets and newspapers, and all that had from time to time been said in Congress by himself and others.

Thus, as long as this confederacy lasted, and the people were held in ignorance, liberty, and with her, knowledge and virtue too, seem to have deserted the earth, and one age of darkness succeeded another, till God in his benign providence raised up the champions who began and conducted the Reformation. William Shippen, were read. I answered that, as to recalling Mr. On the 16th of January, , the new delegates appeared in Congress. I am anxious at these delays; we shall never have another wind so good as we have lost. Go back to the main documents page. Sullivan was fully agreed with me in the necessity of instituting governments, and he seconded me very handsomely in supporting the argument in Congress.

The British men-of-war were a more serious consideration.

These things had ths some words and animosities, which, uniting with the great questions in Congress, had some disagreeable effects. The weather is fair, and the wind right, and we are again weighing anchor in order to put to sea.

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It seems to have been even stipulated between them, that the temporal grandees should contribute every thing in their power to maintain the ascendancy of the priesthood, and that the diasertation grandees in their turn, should employ their ascendancy over the consciences of the people, in impressing on their minds a blind, implicit obedience to civil magistracy. I say RIGHTS, for such they have, undoubtedly, antecedent to all earthly government, — Rights, that cannot feudql repealed or restrained by human laws — Rights, derived from the great Legislator of the universe.


Nothing hereditary ever existed in the country; nor will the country require or admit of any such thing. These gentlemen had several conferences with the delegates from our State, in the course of which, I suppose, the hint was suggested, that they adopted in their report.

Resolved, That it be referred to a committee of the Edition: Let them all become attentive cajon the grounds and principles of government, ecclesiastical and civil.

john adams a dissertation on the canon and feudal law 1765

There was, however, still a majority of members who were either determined against all measures preparatory to independence, or yet too timorous and wavering dixsertation venture on any decisive steps. Avarice, ambition, revenge, or gallantry, would break the strongest cords of our Constitution as a whale goes through a net.

A Dissertation on the Canon and Feudal Law – Teaching American History

Millions of curses were poured out upon me for these exertions ad for these triumphs over them, by many, who, whatever their pretences may have been, have never forgotten, nor cordially forgiven me. Oppressed with a load of business, without an amanuensis, or any assistance, I was obliged to do every thing myself. In this gentleman I found a faithful friend, and an ardent, persevering lover of his country, who never hesitated to promote, with all his abilities and industry, the boldest measures reconcilable with prudence.

The Congress resumed the consideration of the declaration, which was agreed to as follows.

john adams a dissertation on the canon and feudal law 1765

Deane, who had been left out of the delegation xanon the State, but instead of returning home to Connecticut, remained in Philadelphia soliciting an appointment under the two foregoing committees, as an agent of theirs, first in the West Indies, and then in France. After some time, the President resumed the chair, and Mr.

Vernon of the navy dussertation, a little son of Mr. By this faculty, are retained all the Ideas of visible objects, joun the observations we have made in the Course of Life on Men and Things, our selves. Please support this site.

No member rose to answer him, and after waiting some time, Edition: I saw that we must, and had no doubt but we should, be chastised into order in time.


john adams a dissertation on the canon and feudal law 1765

This resolution and order was indeed assuming the powers of government in a manner as offensive as the measures we proposed could have been; but it left all the powers of government in the hands hohn Assemblies, Conventions, and Committees, which composed a scene of much confusion and injustice, the continuance of which was much wdams by me, as tending to 175 the morals of the people, and destroy their habits of order and attachment to regular government.

Two letters from General Washington of the 22d, and 23d, were referred fekdal Mr. I was almost out of patience waiting for the frigate till the thirteenth day of February, But the New England officers, soldiers, and inhabitants, knew Gates in the camp at Cambridge.

I am constantly giving hints to the captain concerning order, economy, and regularity, and he seems to be sensible of the necessity of them, and exerts himself to introduce them. In this gentleman, who died of the small-pox, we lost an honorable, a conscientious, a benevolent, and inflexible patriot.

A Dissertation on the Canon and Federal Law

Is not the human understanding exhausted there? I am not able to recollect whether it was on this or some preceding day, that the greatest and most solemn debate was had on the question of independence. This conduct at once imposed an obligation on the whole body of the clergy to industry, virtue, piety, and learning, and rendered that whole body infinitely more independent on the civil powers, in all respects, than they could be where they were formed into a scale of subordination, from a pope down to priests and friars and confessors, — necessarily and essentially a sordid, stupid, and wretched herd, — or than they could be in any other country, where an archbishop held the place of a universal bishop, and the vicars and curates that of the ignorant, dependent, miserable rabble aforesaid, — and infinitely more sensible and learned than they could be in either.

A fine wind and a pleasant sun, but a sharp, cold air.

Half the sailors were so. Franklin may, if he thinks proper, return an answer to the letter he received from Lord Howe. Everybody knows how dangerous it was to speak or write in favor of any thing, in those days, but the triumphant system of religion and politics.